TOP UP YOUR INCOME WHEN CUTTING BACK WORK
If you plan to scale back your working hours, starting a transition to retirement pension could help you to replace your reduced income.
HOW DOES THE STRATEGY WORK?
To use this strategy, you need to invest some of your super in a transition to retirement (TTR) pension. The key benefit of doing this is you can receive an income from the TTR pension to replace the income you’ll forgo when reducing your working hours. Also, you’re likely to pay less tax on the income you receive from the TTR pension than you do on your salary or business income. This is because even though the taxable income payments from a TTR pension are taxed at your marginal tax rate, they will attract a 15% tax offset between preservation age¹ and 59. Also, the income payments are tax-free² at age 60 or over. As a result, you’ll generally need to draw less income from the TTR pension to replace your reduced salary, as the Case study on the opposite page illustrates
KEY ISSUES TO CONSIDER
There are some key issues you’ll need to consider before starting a TTR pension. For example:
you’ll need to draw a minimum income each year, which, for people under age 65, is 4% of the account balance per annum
you can’t draw more than 10% of the account balance each year, and
you can only take a cash lump sum (or purchase a different type of income stream) once you permanently retire, reach age 65 or meet another ‘condition of release’.
ARE YOU RETIRING?
If you have reached your preservation age and retire permanently (or meet another condition of release, such as reaching age 65, or you cease an employment arrangement after reaching age 60) you may be able to invest your super in an ordinary account based pension, rather than a TTR pension.
No tax will be payable by your fund on investment earnings in an account based pension, whereas from 1 July 2017 earnings in a TTR pension (which are currently also tax-free) will be taxed at a maximum rate of 15%.
Also, an account based pension is not subject to the maximum income and withdrawal restrictions associated with a TTR pension.
From 1 July 2017, lifetime limits will apply to regulate how much you can transfer into an account based pension. In 2017/18, this limit is $1.6 million (subject to indexation).
These rules are complex. More information on starting an account based pension can be found in our super strategy card, called ‘Convert your super into a tax-effective retirement income’, or speak to your financial adviser.
Mark, aged 58, works full-time, earns a salary of $80,000 pa (or $60,853 after tax) and has $400,000³ in super. He wants to cut back to a three-day working week. While Mark’s salary will reduce to $48,000 pa, he doesn’t want to compromise his living standard. To help him achieve his goals, his financial adviser suggests he invest his entire super benefit in a TTR pension and draw an income of $26,038 over the next 12 months.
By using this strategy, he’ll be able to replace his pay cut of $32,000 and continue to receive an after-tax income of $60,853 pa. He will also pay $5,962 less tax. This is because the TTR income payments attract a 15% tax offset³, whereas his salary is fully taxable at his marginal rate. Finally, Mark could still achieve his after-tax income goal if he invests as little as $260,038 in the TTR pension and draws the maximum income of $26,038.However, by investing his entire super balance of $400,000 in the TTR pension, he will have the flexibility to increase his income payments, should he need to, up to the maximum of 10% of the account balance per annum.
³ Mark’s super benefit consists entirely of the taxable component. ⁴ The tax payable takes into account the 15% pension tax offset available on taxable pension payments from preservation age to age 59.
A financial adviser can help you assess all the issues that need to be considered and determine whether a TTR pension suits your needs and circumstances.
Important information and disclaimer This publication has been prepared by GWM Adviser Services Limited (ABN 96 002 071 749, AFSL 230692) (‘GWMAS’), a member of the National Australia Bank group of companies (‘NAB Group’), 105–153 Miller Street, North Sydney 2060. Any advice in this publication is of a general nature only and has not been tailored to your personal circumstances. Accordingly, reliance should not be placed on the information contained in this document as the basis for making any financial investment, insurance or other decision. Please seek personal advice prior to acting on this information. Information in this publication is accurate as at 1 December 2016. While it is believed the information is accurate and reliable, the accuracy of that information is not guaranteed in any way. Opinions constitute our judgement at the time of issue and are subject to change. Neither GWMAS nor any member of the NAB Group, nor their employees or directors give any warranty of accuracy, accept any responsibility for errors or omissions in this document. The case study in this publication is for illustration purposes only. Any general tax information provided in this publication is intended as a guide only and is based on our general understanding of taxation laws. It is not intended to be a substitute for specialised taxation advice or an assessment of your liabilities, obligations or claim entitlements that arise, or could arise, under taxation law, and we recommend you consult with a registered tax agent.
Any advice in this publication is of a general nature only and has not been tailored to your personal circumstances. Please seek personal advice prior to acting on this information.